Original Article

Relationship Between Overactive Bladder and Anxiety in Young Men Population in Turkey

10.4274/eamr.galenos.2020.83792

  • Onur Karslı
  • Fatih Gokalp
  • Ahmed Ömer Halat
  • Ömür Memik
  • Bekir Voyvoda
  • Murat Ustuner

Received Date: 19.05.2020 Accepted Date: 01.11.2020 Eur Arc Med Res 0;0(0):0-0 [e-Pub]

INTRODUCTION:

Overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms are known to affect quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between anxiety and OAB in young male patients in Turkish society.

METHODS:

Male patients aged 18-35 years, diagnosed with OAB between 2015 and 2020, were included in the study. OAB query form (OAB-V8) was filled by participants. Hamilton anxiety scale (HAM-A) was used to evaluate the anxiety levels of OAB patients. OAB-V8 scores were compared statistically before and after anxiolytic treatment of anxious patients.

RESULTS:

The mean age of 87 patients was 26.28 ± 4.53 (95% CI: 25.5-27.2) and the mean OAB-V8 symptom score was 24.96 ± 5.7 (14-36). The OAB-V8 symptom score in the group without anxiety (group 1) and the group with moderate anxiety (group 2) improved significantly at 1 month compared to the pre-treatment period (p <0.001). When the OAB-V8 symptom scores in the third month were analyzed, the 1st group who didn't receive anxiolytic treatment and the 2nd and 3rd group scores receiving anxiolytic treatment were 9.6±1.8, 11.2±3.2, 10.6±2.8, and significant change in all three groups compared to the 1st month was observed (p <0.001).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION:

In patients with anxiety, the problems caused by OAB are significantly higher than normal population. In our study, HAM-A anxiety scores were found higher in patients with OAB. OAB is a common condition that can be seen in young male population and may accompany anxiety. Treatments combined with multidisciplinary approaches are highly effective in these patients.

Keywords: Overactive bladder, anxiety, male, young